Specialty surgeon completes packaged procedure for closed heart surgery. Closed heart surgery is heart surgery in which a small incision is made (the chest cavity is not opened). For some heart defect repairs, the incision is made on the side of the chest, between the ribs. This is called a thoracotomy. It is sometimes called closed heart surgery. This surgery is done using special instruments and a camera.
Closed heart surgery the treatment cost includes the facility fee, physician’s fee, related medical procedures, and drugs required to administer the plan of care. Not included are diagnostic studies, consultations with additional specialists, and cost of complication management; travel, food, and lodging.