Specialty surgeon complete packaged procedure for spinal fusion – decompression – Arthroplasty. Spinal fusion is a surgical technique used to join two or more vertebrae. Spinal fusion is done most commonly in the lumbar region of the spine, but it is also used to treat cervical and thoracic problems.
Spinal decompression surgery is a general term that refers to various procedures intended to relieve symptoms caused by pressure, or compression, on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots. Bulging or collapsed disks, thickened joints, loosened ligaments, and bony growths can narrow the spinal canal and the spinal nerve openings – foramen, causing irritation.
Symptoms of spinal nerve compression include pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, and unsteadiness. In severe cases, pressure on the spinal nerves can cause paralysis and problems with bladder and/or bowel function. The following are common techniques for decompression:
This involves removing a portion of a disk to relieve pressure on the nearby nerve roots.
Laminotomy or laminectomy
These procedures involve removing a small part of the bony arches of the spinal canal, called the lamina. During a laminotomy, just a section of the lamina is removed. During a laminectomy, the entire lamina is removed. Removing the lamina increases the size of the spinal canal, relieving pressure.
Foraminotomy or foraminectomy
Both procedures are performed to expand the openings for the nerve roots to exit the spinal cord by removing some bone and other tissue. A foraminectomy generally refers to a procedure that removes a large amount of bone and tissue.
This involves removing bony growths called osteophytes or bone spurs.
This is surgery to remove the body of a vertebra, as well as the disks.
A combination of techniques may be used; and in some cases, the fusion of the vertebrae also is needed to stabilize the spine. A Neurosurgery or neurological surgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders that affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
Spinal fusion – decompression – arthroplasty treatment cost includes the facility fee, physician’s fee, related medical procedures, and drugs required to administer the plan of care. Not included are diagnostic studies, consultations with additional specialists, and cost of complication management; travel, food, and lodging.