Hemangioma symptoms in babies
Hemangiomas are benign (non-cancerous) growths that develop from cells in the body called hemangioblasts. Hemangiomas happen when something goes wrong during development. Hemangiomas can appear on or under the skin, or inside internal organs. Hemangiomas that develop on the skin are called cutaneous hemangiomas. Hemangiomas of infancy also called strawberry marks or infantile hemangiomas usually appear in the first few weeks or months of a baby’s life. Hemangiomas of infancy often grow very quickly, reaching their peak size in a few months. Hemangiomas in infants typically grow on the face, scalp, chest, arms, and legs. Hemangiomas of infancy most frequently appear as bright red marks with a small central dot (nipple). Hemangiomas may also have a purple or blue color.
How Hemangiomas Affect the Body
Hemangiomas affect many parts of the body. Hemangiomas in the head and neck area, including in the nose or throat, may cause problems breathing. Hemangiomas inside the skull (intracranial) press on important areas of the brain and lead to seizures or delayed development. Hemangiomas that are under the skin cause difficulties with normal muscle and joint movement if they impact a large area of the body. Hemangioma liver concerns are common and may also develop in areas such as the spleen, kidneys, heart, lymph nodes, testes (in males), ovaries (in females), bone marrow. These may be life-threatening. Hemangiomas in the esophagus, stomach, or intestines may cause difficulties with eating and digestion.
What Causes Hemangiomas?
Hemangiomas are thought to develop from a difficulty that happens when skin cells in a developing baby divide and grow. Hemangiomas happen when something goes wrong during development. Hemangioma birthmarks are linked to injury or irritation of the mother’s belly during pregnancy, but this is not always the case. Hemangioma occurs in about 2 to 3% of newborns. Hemangiomas that develop on the skin are called cutaneous hemangiomas. Hemangiomas also form in other parts of the body, such as hemangioma liver appearances (hepatic), and tend to be more complicated and may cause complications. Hemangioma birthmarks appear in at least one in five pregnancies, and they don’t seem to run in families. Hemangiomas that develop inside the body are called “vascular malformations.” Hemangiomas affect males slightly more than females and tend to occur equally in all ethnic groups.
Hemangioma Symptoms in Babies
Hemangioma symptoms in babies usually appear in the first few weeks or months of life. Hemangiomas may appear in otherwise healthy babies, but hemangiomas often develop quickly and become worrisome to parents.
Most hemangiomas grow rapidly during the first 6 to 9 months after birth, then slowly over time. Some hemangiomas still show signs of growth at age 2 or 3 years. After hemangiomas stop growing, they frequently don’t change much in size over the next 15 to 20 years.
Hemangioma birthmarks may get crusted or scaly around the edges, have a red-purple color, and are frequently raised above the skin surface. Sometimes hemangiomas cause problems with normal muscle and joint development. Hemangiomas on the trunk may impact lung function, especially if the hemangioma is near the airway (trachea). In some hemangiomas of infancy, there are low levels of a hormone called cortisol. Cortisol helps your body deal with stress.
Hemangioma Symptoms in Adults
Hemangioma symptoms in adults appear when hemangiomas grow large enough to modify the function of internal organs near where hemangiomas are located.
Adult hemangiomas may be small and not noticeable, or they can get very large and influence how internal organs work inside the body. Some hemangiomas continue to grow during childhood and early adulthood, but hemangiomas that have not grown by puberty will most likely continue not to grow.
Hemangioma treatment depends on hemangiomas symptoms and hemangiomas location. Treatment often starts when hemangioma birthmarks are still small and growing quickly, at around 1 year of age.
Treatment options include corticosteroid medicine injected into the hemangioma (injected steroids) or laser treatments surgery to remove hemangiomas. Taking part in hemangioma treatment studies is another option, frequently with the hope that hemangioma treatment will improve over time.