CMT Disease Symptoms – CMT disease is a condition that causes damage to the nerves in the arms and legs. This can lead to weakness, numbness, and pain. CMT is short for Charcot Marie Tooth disease. It’s also called peroneal muscular atrophy.
Charcot Marie Tooth disease is divided into two types: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is the most common. It’s also called hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN). Type 2 is also called demyelinating neuropathy.
CMT disease is caused by mutations in genes that are responsible for making proteins needed for the structure and function of nerves. The symptoms of CMT can vary from person to person. They can also change over time. There is no cure for CMT disease, but there are treatments that can help lessen the symptoms. These include physical therapy, braces, and wheelchairs. Some people with CMT also need to take medications to control pain.
People with CMT disease can lead full and active lives. There are many support groups and organizations that can help people with CMT and their families.
CMT Disease Risk Factors and Prognosis
There are several factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing CMT disease. These include:
- Having a family history of CMT disease
- Being born with CMT disease
- Exposure to certain toxins, such as lead or mercury
- Having chronic diseases, such as diabetes or HIV/AIDS
- Taking certain medications, such as certain antibiotics or anti-seizure drugs
The prognosis for CMT disease varies from person to person. Some people have mild symptoms and do not need treatment. Others may need lifelong treatment and care. There is no way to predict how CMT will progress. However, with proper treatment, most people can lead full and active lives.
CMT Disease Symptoms
CMT disease symptoms can vary from person to person. They can also change over time. The most common symptom is weakness in the muscles of the arms and legs. This can lead to problems with balance and walking. Other symptoms include:
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
- Pain in the muscles and joints
- Foot deformities, such as high arches or hammertoes
- Loss of sensation in the hands and feet
- Difficulty speaking or swallowing
- Dry eyes or mouth
- Enlarged nerves under the skin that can be seen or felt
CMT Disease Diagnosis and Prognosis
There is no one test that can diagnose CMT disease. A CMT disease diagnosis is usually made based on the person’s symptoms, family history, and physical exam. Other tests that may be done include:
- Electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity of muscles.
- Nerve conduction study: This test measures how well nerves are able to send electrical signals.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test uses magnetic waves to create images of the inside of the body.
- Genetic testing: This test can be done to look for changes in genes that are linked to CMT disease.
CMT Disease Treatment
If a person has CMT disease, they will need to see a neurologist for regular check-ups. They may also need to see other specialists, such as a physical therapist or orthopedist. There is no cure, but CTM disease treatment can help lessen the symptoms and improve their quality of life. If an individual has CMT disease, they may be able to reduce their symptoms by:
- Physical therapy: This can help improve muscle strength and coordination.
- Braces or other assistive devices: These can help with balance and steadiness while walking.
- Wheelchairs or scooters: These may be needed for people who have severe weakness and problems walking.
- Pain medications: These can help control pain caused by CMT disease.
- Exercising regularly
- Stretching and massaging the muscles
- Avoiding alcohol and smoking